The community of Socma is made up of approximately 180 people. Its main attraction is the natural charm of the Perolniyoc waterfalls, 50 m/194 ft. high, 45 minutes hiking from the community of Socma and crowned by the pre-Inca archaeological remains of the same name. On the route to the falls, you can see part of the Inca road network or Qapac Ñan of the Incas.
- 13°18’42.7″S 72°14’44.2″W
- -13.311868, -72.245615
Socma Begin the Adventure Trails
The trekkers begin their adventures in the community of Socma from this place we have the following trails before reaching the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail, Salkantay, Chancachuco, Stone Quarries of Cachicata, the moonstone trek and Machu Picchu:
- Wild Ancascocha Expedition to Machu Picchu 4d/3n
- Chancachuco Trek to Machu Picchu 4d/3n
- Ancascocha Trek to Machu Picchu 5d/4n
- Moonstone Trek to Machu Picchu 5d/4n
- Ancascocha Hike to Machu Picchu Tour 6d/5n
- Ancascocha Adventure to Inca Trail 7d/6n
Andean Valley Community Micro Basin of Pomatales
Micro Basin of Pomatales (Limit with the district of Huarocondo). In this micro basin are the communities of Pomatales in the middle part, next to the Huarocondo River with access by rail and dirt trail between Pachar and Huarocondo. Its lands are on slopes, with enough water available, but with insufficient irrigation infrastructure.
Through this community circulates the waters that irrigate the district lands of Maras by inverted siphon. Machines can be used on the land to plow the land, as it is land on slopes. While the communities of Socma, they are in the high parts of the micro basin Pomatales (3850 m/12,631 ft.).
Vulnerable communities, which only have a carcass trail that has been recently constructed by the local governments of Ollantaytambo and Urubamba. They have basic electrification services (inaugurated one year ago) water tubing and education at the primary level. Its market is articulated to Urubamba. Its main production is potato, bean and cereals, and livestock activity in sheep and cattle.
Agriculture in Socma
Their agriculture is based on the ancestral technology, like the use of the Chaquitaclla and the Yunta. It is characterized by maintaining organic production, using organic fertilizers, such as guano de corral. The field works are based on the Ayni and the Minka, practiced from the Incas ancestors.
Representative food of Socma
The most representative food is La Merienda (food with corn, guinea pig, special omelet). Its typical drink is Chicha made from fermented corn, called: Chicha de Jora and Chicha de frutillada.
The most important celebrations: On May 3 “Cruz Velacuy” festival dedicated to the Holy Cross of Jesus Christ, and on August 2 “Virgin of the Angels” with typical dances.
The inhabitants of the community maintain Quechua as their mother tongue, followed by the Spanish language but with minimal intensity.