Perolniyoc Inca Site
In the heights of the ravine of Pachar district of Ollantaytambo is the archaeological site of Perolniyoc an extraordinary set of architectonic constructions that come from the Inca time and that were modified in the colonial time to continue using this ceremonial center and administrative control located in the On top of a steep mountain. In order to reach Perolniyoc, a traditional road is started by the Andean peasants, ascending to the archaeological monument and crossing a small countryside where traditional crops such as maize are grown.
On the way, you can see the extraordinary beauty of a waterfall that is more than 80 meters high; the soft murmur of the waters that falls on the deep ravine serves as musical background for the varied and happy song of birds that seem to sing to Mother Nature in a permanent way.
In November of 2013 began the works of restoration the Perolniyoc Inca Site whose original name is Racaypata; But was renamed Perolniyoc by the locals. After three years of work by the National Institute of Culture Cusco, we can appreciate the substantial changes in all its sectors.
Thus, on the northeast side you can see a food deposit that has high walls and is built on a retaining wall there you will be able to see covered with straw to cover the rain preserving the archaeological site; The deposit has ventilation ducts and access spans and from this sector part the Inca Trail to the Cachicata quarry. In Perolniyoc also emphasizes a rectangular Kallanca of more than 20 meters of length that was the ideal place to rest and to be accommodated the travelers that crossed the zone; The Kallanca is full of niches for domestic and ceremonial use and as most of the buildings are built in a rustic way with sandstone of the area.
In the lower part of the enclosures, there are three walls of containment of semi-circular form! each one of them is more than 100 meters long and the highest walls surpass the 4 meters of height. A water channel runs through the second retaining wall in the direction of its north to transfer the vital liquid to the cultivable areas. At the Inca site of Perolniyoc, an archaeological evidence was found recovering ceramic and metal pieces, most of them used in ceremonial activities (pots, plates, miniature jars, some ceramics are decorated and others are not decorated).
The main building of this archaeological complex is located in the middle part of the whole is an enclosure that has four windows facing the sunrise inside has a height of more than eight meters and its walls have trapezoidal windows with stone lintels . In addition, it shows a low wall with Incas windows that apparently before the final building. The peculiar thing of this enclosure is that it counted on two floors since now in the main wall still the wall flange is seen on which the beams were placed, and the wood of the second floor in this enclosure presents / displays an original plastering in the wall.
Organized hiking groups to appreciate the grandiose constructions that our ancestors inherited visit the archaeological site of Perolniyoc.
Inca Trails that cross Perolniyoc Inca Site
5 centuries ago, Perolniyoc for its strategic geographical location played an important role in the administrative control of access to the Inca city of Ollantaytambo, the Classic Inca Trail and to Machu Picchu now you can explore this archaeological site before reaching Machu Picchu. Choose one of these alternative Inca roads: