The community of Socma does the makeup of approximately 180 people. Its main attraction is the natural charm of the Perolniyoc waterfalls, 50 meters/194 feet high, 45 minutes hiking from the community of Socma, and crowned by the pre-Inca archaeological remains of the same name. You can see part of the Inca road network or Qapac Ñan of the Incas on the route to the falls.
The trekkers begin their adventures in the community of Socma. We have the following trails from this place before reaching the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail, Salkantay, Chancachuco, Stone Quarries of Cachicata, the moonstone trek, and to Machu Picchu.
Micro Basin of Pomatales (Limit with the district of Huarocondo), in this micro basin, are the communities of Pomatales in the middle part, next to the Huarocondo River, with access by rail and dirt trail between Pachar and Huarocondo. Its lands are on slopes, with enough water available but with insufficient irrigation infrastructure.
Through this community circulates the waters that irrigate the district lands of Maras by an inverted siphon. What can use machines on the ground to plow the land, as it is land on slopes? At the same time, the communities of Socma are in the high parts of the micro-basin Pomatales (3850 meters/12,631 feet.).
Vulnerable communities only have a carcass trail that Ollantaytambo and Urubamba’s local governments have recently constructed. They have essential electrification services (inaugurated one year ago), water tubing, and education at the primary level. Its market does articulate in Urubamba. Its primary production is potato, bean, and cereals, and livestock activity in sheep and cattle.
Representative food of Socma
The most representative food is La Merienda (food with corn, guinea pig, special omelet). Its typical drink is Chicha made from fermented corn, called: Chicha de Jora and Chicha de frutillada.
The most important celebrations: On May 3, the “Cruz Velacuy” festival does dedicate to the Holy Cross of Jesus Christ, and on August 2, the “Virgin of the Angels” with typical dances.
The community inhabitants maintain Quechua as their mother tongue, followed by the Spanish language with minimal intensity.