Puca Pucara Information

Published on: 20 de June de 2018 -


The name fortress of Puca Pucará comes from the voices Quechua puca, ‘red,’ and Pucara, ‘fortress or place defended,’ by which means ‘red fortress’; The rocks with which it has implied built turn reddish with twilight.

This fortress is an architectural building located on the outskirts of the city of Cusco – Peru. It is one example of the military architecture of the Inca Empire, which consists of superimposed terraces, aqueducts, watchtowers, interior plazas, walls, and stairways. On the western side, you can find a facade located in an accessible area, giving the appearance of being a small square.

This fortress presents three walls that originate a sort of levels; thus, we have:

The first wall has a winding path that carefully avoids cutting out the protruding rocks. Towards the north side and behind the outer wall, there are six rooms of different sizes, irregularly arranged not to touch the stones that make up the wall. Towards the west, a high place of trapezoidal form is acceded by a staircase from the outside. Buildings on two sides surrounded the square rooms of a regular trace in this open space do not seem to belong to a fortified scope.

A second wall surrounds the central elevation. Between this and the first, there are comprehensive platforms to the south and east. Behind the double-wall are three rooms atypical for Inca architecture since two have no rectangular but trapezoidal floor plan.

The third wall surrounds the summit, and there are no traces of the buildings.


Puca Pucara does locate on the east side of the road and one kilometer before reaching Tambomachay. The site occupies another of the typical rocks that stand out in the plain of Sacsayhuamán.
The archaeological group of Pucapucara, located on the asphalted road that leads to Pisaq, distant 7 km from the city of Cusco; the altitude is 3.680 m.s.n.m.

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