Peru does locate in the subtropical area of South America. Due to its location, there should be a warm and humid climate. Still, due to the Andes Mountains, a complex system of marine currents and the movements of air masses generate a wide variety of Climatic, geological and ecological, which grants the mega-diverse country’s quality.
In Peru, you can find 84 of the 114 life zones identified on our planet; Its rich biodiversity is represented in the Peruvian Amazon by 1,700 birds, large mammals, and animals. The Peruvian flora has given the world the widest variety of domesticated plants; for example, there are more than a thousand potato varieties. Peruvian natural reserves are the richest source of natural resources in the world.
In Peru, the Amazon River is born the longest and largest river globally, and its basin does cover with dense vegetation, which comprises more than half the territory of Peru. The exciting thing is that the Peruvian Amazon is so giant that it could take months or years to visit it. That is why a tourist infrastructure design allows tourists to choose short, medium, or extended stay programs for their highest satisfaction. The northern, eastern, central, and southern jungles are tremendous natural sanctuaries that abound in Peru’s three regions and protect the fauna and flora.
The department of Cusco shares diverse zones of life and microclimates that go from the puna to more than 6,000 meters. The eastern slope of the Andes, which also offers a great megadiversity, to the low jungle in the Amazon.
Given the importance of conservation and preservation of these natural resources, their fauna, flora, and landscape scenarios, several places are declared intangible areas and the Patrimony of Humanity.
Natural and Cultural Patrimony of Humanity (UNESCO-1983). Who created the park to protect the landscape of the well-known archaeological site of Machu Picchu, founded by the Inca culture? It is believed to have been a royal Inca residence and was perhaps the center for collecting coca from the surrounding plantations. The site finally fell into ruin, was covered by jungle, invaded, and “lost by science” until its re-discovery in 1911.
Natural Heritage of Humanity (UNESCO – 1973). Biosphere Reserve. The park does locate in Manu and Paucartambo (Departments of Madre de Dios and Cusco, respectively), which comprises the lands on the eastern slopes of the Andes and the Peruvian Amazon. Intangible area, fauna and flora protection, and scenic beauties of Andina Orientales and Amazon. It covers the territories of the Andean puna and yunga in the department of Cusco to the low jungle in the department of Madre de Dios, crossed by the river Manu. Therefore, the high part of the Madre de Dios River and its tributary are opportunities for tourists and visiting partners. The other regions are only allowed entry of researchers. In the area of tourists, there is an accommodation facility. The accommodations offer guided tours for tourists and housing and work facilities for researchers and scientists.
Peru is the 2nd most prosperous country in the world regarding various birds, and Cusco offers ideal birdwatching scenarios. In the department of Cusco, you can choose between the high and middle Andean zones (Sacred Valley), tall forests (Sanctuary of Machu Picchu), and cloud forests (Manu National Park). The paradise route for observing birds is between Ollantaytambo and Quillabamba – the Abra de Málaga. Also, you can find many species of hummingbirds in Machu Picchu.