Altitude Sickness, Cusco, Puno – Soroche
Peru Altitude Sickness
Altitude sickness: One thing that happens to most people when they arrive at high places like the Peruvian Andes or around Cusco city and different walks (Treks) of adventure; one is exposed to low oxygenation when a person is getting sick of Soroche. Most people worldwide live near the coast or with low sea levels; Kondor Path has some recommendations for an enjoyable holiday in these beautiful places.
Against altitude sickness:
- Arriving by plane in the Andes: avoid any heavy meals or plentiful, avoid Pisco sour, Cusqueña beer, soft drinks, Coca-Cola, coffee, and cigarettes.
- Carry Glucose Cora mini tablets that can purchase without a prescription at any pharmacy. Put one tablet in your mouth and feel rapid improvement.
- Maintaining proper hydration should take 2 to 3 liters of natural water daily.
- You must maintain a high-energy, light diet and high carbohydrate, fat-free and small amounts several times a day. Avoid exotic food to which the body does not accustom.
- After arriving in Cusco, you must rest and sleep as long as possible.
- We recommend a hot coca tea with enough coca leaves and a few drops of lemon.
- Candies or sweets made of coca leaf are excellent.
- Always take a cup of hot lemon tea after meals, and at night, it is advisable to be a cup of tea of chamomile or anise.
- Coca tea, sweets, biscuits, and chocolates made with coca leaves are beneficial during the day; avoid eating them before bed because you cannot sleep.
Altitude and Oxygen Therapy
A disease occurs when you ascend to greater heights of 2000 M / 6,561 Ft. The acute, sub-acute, and chronic manifestations do caused by the lack of sufficient time for acclimatization, increased physical activity, and varying degrees of health.
There are three types of altitude sickness:
- Acute Mountain Sickness.
- Sub-acute mountain.
- Chronic disease of the mountains (Monge’s disease)
Acute Mountain Sickness
Physiological basis of production:
When the pressure decreases to ascend, atmospheric oxygen that produces a response in the organism to compensate for this decrease in oxygen in the following manner:
- Increased heart rate
- Increased respiratory rate
- Redistribution of preferential circulation to the brain, heart, and kidneys
Despite these mechanisms, sometimes the symptoms are present:
The most common are:
- A headache
- Nausea and vomiting
There are warning signs that indicate a worsening of the table:
- Resting heart rate greater than 110/min
- The respiratory rate at rest is then 24/min
- Lower Oliguria 700 cc in 24 hours.
- There are three degrees of altitude sickness:
- Mild: Where are mainly headache, nausea, and vomiting not very intense, and tachycardia and tachypnea?
- That is the intensification of symptoms reported and the appearance of others.
- Grave: In presenting with severe pulmonary edema, cardiorespiratory severe cerebral edema may produce a vital point.
The following averages may prevent its onset:
- Climate (ascent 2000 m / day
- Use acetazolamide 250 mg every 12 hours from the day before the climb.
- Adequate hydration 1000 ml required per 1000 meters of climbing
- Oxygen therapy should initially be instituted at 4-6 liters/min oxygen for 15-30 min, continuing to 2-4 liters/min if it does not yield the acute symptoms.
- Acetazolamide 250 g every 8 hours for 3-4 days.
Simethicone for meteorism.
If the disease gets worse quickly, lowering the patient indication is two lower levels.