This way to the extreme of the extensive Urubamba valley, between the towns of Pisac and Ollantaytambo, located a short distance from the city of Cusco, where they concentrated from the Inca agricultural zones and beautiful villages
The valley does characterize by exceptional conditions, such as an excellent climate, very fertile lands, and the waters of the sacred river of the Incas. Vilcanota river (Quechua voice, divine or wonderful thing), upstream in Urubamba, Changed its name and is called the Urubamba river.
The Sacred Valley is between the villages of Písac and Ollantaytambo; it has incredible Andean landscapes, where its inhabitants, native of the ethnic Quechua, conserve many customs and ancestral rites.
It is the area where you can appreciate and magnify the high technological development that the Incas achieved in agriculture through systems of andenerías (set of land terraces in a staggered form on the mountains to be used in the sowing). Today’s total production does accompany by sophisticated designs and works of hydraulic engineering used for irrigation. Also noteworthy are the centers of worship to the Pachamama (mother earth).
Today, every town in the Sacred Valley of the Incas has a fusion of the Inca and Spanish architectural styles. The wealth of its people in its folklore and crafts is the way of life, its clothes and make it a place that will leave you with unforgettable memories.
In this area, essential hotels have been established, which allow enjoying the Andean nature of Cusco, a better climate, and lower altitudes above sea level about Cusco. See hotels in the Sacred Valley.
Participative Tourism – Living Cultures: In the area of the Sacred Valley, excellent opportunities are emerging for tourists to carry out tourism of a living culture, having the possibility of staying in native houses and sharing their customs, traditions, and daily activities.
Suppose you enter the Sacred Valley through the Písac area. In that case, it does recommend visiting the Awana Kancha South American Camelid Theme Park, located in Taray, 23 km from Cusco in the district of Taray. Exposure of camelids such as llamas, vicuñas, and alpacas in their natural environment and making fabrics with fibers extracted from wool. In addition, it is possible to observe some agricultural platforms of the Inca period and species of flora in the zone. In this area, several viewpoints are at the edge of the road that offers you breathtaking views of the Sacred Valley.
Villages of the Sacred Valley – (From SE to NO)
A picturesque village located in the foothills of the hill, Intihuatana (a place where the sun does moor) possesses the best system of andenería achieved by the Incas in all the Andes.
Near the village is the Archaeological Park of Pisac, Inca archaeological sites, finely assembled polished stone buildings, citadel, turrets, military fortresses, astronomical observatories, etc. It emphasizes the Inca cemetery, the biggest in all of America.
Every Sunday, the Sunday party is celebrated, headed by the caciques or heads of Ayllus carrying his varáyoc and typical costumes, folkloric dances, and mass in Quechua. Also, every Sunday, the “catu” is held, which is the native fair of exchange of agricultural products in which barter prevails, the living custom of a purely Inca character.
Every Thursday and Sunday, the “Indian market” is held in the Main Square, the handicrafts fair, beautiful textile crafts, sweaters, shawls, bags, etc. And ceramic handicrafts with reproductions of Inca archaeological pieces, keros (ceremonial vessels), necklaces, etc. Indigenous artisans and merchants from many villages come to this fair to stock up and trade their products.
Písac is located 32 km (20 miles) from Cusco, 2,972 m.s.n.m. (9,751 feet).
The village is immersed in the beauties of Andean landscapes, in an atmosphere of peace and tranquility, which has the background of the beautiful snow-capped Pitusira and Sahuasiray. Near the town are the medicinal baths of Machacancha (sulfurous hot springs) and Minasmoqo (gaseous cold waters). Near the Calca is the Inca archaeological complex of Huchuy Cusco.
Calca is located 50 km (31 miles) from Cusco, 2,928 m.s.n.m. (9,606 feet)
The beauty of its landscape and the benignity of its climate made Yúcay the place chosen by the Inca royalty for rest, which also attributed a mythological character and powers over the human spirit.
The fertility of their lands made them one of the leading centers of agricultural production in the Incas, large andenerías. There are numerous Inca constructions, among which the Inca Sayri Túpac Palace, stone and adobe construction with decorations on its walls in high and low relief.
There is a small site museum; There are comfortable and good hotels. It is located 68 km (42 miles) from Cusco, and 2,857 m.s.n.m. (9,373 feet)
Another ancient Inca town, located in a fertile valley, once a tremendous agricultural center of the Incas, is beautiful countryside with excellent fruit production.
Urubamba does locate in the foothills of the majestic Chicón, to which you can easily reach and reach its ascent.
Urubamba is also called the “Archaeological Capital of Peru” due to the rich Inca archaeological sites in the area. It is also called “La Perla del Vilcanota,” with incomparable landscapes surrounding its natural settings of indescribable beauty. There are indigenous communities with marked ancestral customs.
Urubamba is also an ideal setting for the practice of numerous adventure sports, such as canoeing, hiking, mountain climbing, mountain biking, and horseback riding. From Urubamba, there are good penetration routes to undertake adventures in the jungle area of Cusco.
There are comfortable and excellent places to stay and eat in the city and its surroundings. It is located 72 km (45 miles) from Cusco, via Písac, and 58 km (36 miles) via Chinchero, 2,871 m.s.n.m (9,419 feet).
Legend has it that Ollantay (the titan of the Andes) of plebeian origin loved the princess Cusi Coyllor (star joyful), daughter of the king Inca Pachacútec, who was in disagreement with this love. Pachacútec sent the princess to a house of Virgin; Ollntayy tried to kidnap her from there, without succeeding and managed to flee. From the fortress that Ollántay had in command, he rebelled against Pachacútec. After what defeated bloody battles, the generosity of Pachacútec made that it pardoned the life of Ollantay. The foundation of Ollantaytambo is attributed to Ollantay and prevails the military fortress that protected this zone of the valley, which is strategically located between two mountains.
The present town of Ollantaytambo has many houses built based on the old Inca town, where they inhabit natives of traditional ancestral customs.
Many scientists and historians consider the complexity and beauty of the Inca buildings and the contemporary people, the vast agricultural complex, excellent administrative and social center, religious and military, as one of the most crucial living museums globally.
Ollantaytambo is located 97 km (60 miles) from Cusco, 2,846 m.s.n.m. (9,337 feet). Train station to Machu Picchu.
The entire Sacred Valley of the Incas is also a natural setting where appreciating the archaeological wealth. It is an ideal place to enjoy its rich flora and fauna, wild bird watching, and adventure sports.
The diversity of its microclimates allows the production of many species of tall flowers, which embellish their fields planted with a wide variety of potatoes, cereals, vegetables and fruit trees, and ornamental plants. It will be common to find deer, chinchillas, vizcachas, foxes, Andean pigeons, countless birds, and beautiful hummingbirds. On the Vilcanota River, you can fish for delicious salmon and rainbow trout, especially between April and October.
All villages do connect by a good road, which facilitates your visit.