The Inca ruin of Machu Picchu is located halfway between two peaks, “Huayna Picchu and Montaña,” 450 meters / 1,476 feet high above the valley level and 2,438 meters /7,998 ft. above sea level. The Machu Picchu Gorge is located halfway between the Andes and the Amazon rainforest Quillabamba – PERU.
The Inca city of Machu Picchu does locate at km 112.5 of the railway line (70 miles). Towards the northwest of the city of Cusco. The Archaeological Park of Machu Picchu includes a vast territory belonging to the province of Urubamba in the Department (state) of Cusco.
The ruins of Machu Picchu are located at 13º 09 ’47 “South latitude and 72º 32′ 44” West longitude. It forms part of the district of the same name, in the province of Urubamba, in the Cusco Region, in Peru, at kilometers 112.5 (70 miles) northwest of Cusco.
This Inca sanctuary is one of the most important archaeological remains in the World. One of the theories indicates that it was a Sacred center for the refuge of the Ñustas or virgins of the Sun, by which we can consider that it was a Hidden City.
The surface of the Archaeological Park has an urban area and a residential area and covers a total area of 32,592 hectares, which Supreme Decree covers No. 001-81-AA of January 8, 1981. It does locate on the eastern slope of the Cordillera de Vilcabamba, a mountain range bordering the Apurimac and Urubamba rivers.
The Ruins are protected and located within an intangible territory of the National System of Natural Areas Protected by the State (SINANPE). Its acronyms derive from the words Historic Sanctuary of Mach Picchu.
It is the most touristic place in the country of Peru; it is a sacred place of the Incas. Machu Picchu is located precisely in a stone town built on a mountain, 2,500 meters / 8,202 ft. high.
There is 112 km of the railway line between Cusco and Puente Ruinas or Machu Picchu station to access this place. The trip starts at the San Pedro, Poroy, Urubamba, or Ollantaytambo station in Cusco, zigzag up Picchu mountain until it reaches the highest point called “The Arch” in the northwestern part of the city.
The route descends towards Poroy, Cachimayo, and lzcuchaca until arriving at the plain of Anta, an extensive area of livestock. You climb the Pomatales ravine before falling to the Sacred Valley of the Incas, arriving at Pachar station. The route crosses the Urubamba River to the right bank and reaches the station of Ollantaytambo. For those who came here by the asphalted road of the Sacred Valley, you can get on the train to continue to Machu Picchu.
It is worth knowing this beautiful place full of nature. Andean animals with a great variety of vegetation in primordial here grow various flowers, especially “orchids,” which abound in great diversity and variety of colors.
Although I know Machu Picchu is not an economical trip, it will also be a journey that I will never forget.
Aguas Calientes is the village from where you access Machu Picchu, and there are only two ways of access by train or by making the Inca Trail, which will be a 3-day trek will be a unique adventure. Aguas Calientes is a town that lives exclusively on tourism. You can find lodgings, restaurants, discos, and other places of distraction.
At a distance of 800 meters east of Aguas Calientes, there are underground sulfur hot springs that spring from the rocky soil at different temperatures.
Remember, the tourist train only operates in the high season, leaving the city of Cusco in the morning, with different stops in the most significant stations (Ollantaytambo, Km.88) until arriving in Aguas Calientes. The trip by train lasts approximately 3 hours. Then take a bus that takes you directly to Machu Picchu. The journey takes precisely 25 minutes.
It does recommend to consult all the schedules of the train stations and their agents for the trip.
It is at an altitude of 2,450 m.s.n.m. (8.038 feet). It is 2,490 m.s.n.m, referring to the Main Square of the Citadel of Machu Picchu.
The Archaeological Park has an urban area and a residential area of Machu Picchu; that is to say, the Citadel proper has more or less 10 hectares. The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu extends over 32,592 hectares, 80,535 acres (325.92 km², 125.83 m²), a vast territory of the Province of Urubamba in the Department of Cusco.
Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu are part of a tremendous geological formation known as Batolito of Vilcabamba in the Central Cordillera of the Peruvian Andes. They do locate on the left bank of the so-called Urubamba Canyon (formerly known as Quebrada de Picchu.) The Vilcanota-Urubamba River flows practically around them at the foot of the hills.
The Inca ruins are located halfway between the peaks of both mountains, 450 meters above the level of the river and 2438 meters above sea level.
The ruins themselves are within the National System of Natural Areas Protected by the State called the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, which extends over 32,592 hectares of the Vilcanota-Urubamba river basin.
The Historical Sanctuary protects a series of biological species in danger of extinction and several Inca establishments, among which Machu Picchu is considered paramount.
Book Your Inca Trail vacation as far in advance as possible!!! The Peru government has strictly limited the number of hikers allowed on the Inca Trail “permits issued to about 200 trekkers per day plus 300 porters”. We have recommendations below as a guide on when to make a hike booking.