The Peruvian District of Chinchero is one of the seven districts of the Province of Urubamba, located in the Department of Cusco, under the administration of the Regional Government of Cusco.
Officially, the district of Chinchero did create on September 9, 1905, through Law No. 59, given under the government of President Jos Pardo and Barreda.
Here is what in the Inca times was the royal hacienda of Tupac Inca Yupanqui and a colonial temple built on the bases of this civilization, especially the typical doors or windows wider down narrower above, which was a feature of Inca architecture.
The capital is the town of Chinchero, located at 3 754 meters, 28 kilometers from Cuzco. The Sunday market originated dominated by the exchange of products between the area’s inhabitants. It is currently a tourist attraction that offers handicrafts and textiles made in the pre-Columbian style.
The archaeological complex of Chinchero does locate north of Chinchero. Chinchero was the capital of a Regional State. The urban planning of the town of Chinchero is similar to the puma city of Cusco.
Some of these ruins’ spaces are still used to hold communal assemblies.
This site presents unique linguistic expressions due to the monumentality and development of its architecture. Tupac Inca Yupanqui built it in 1480. It comprised a set of architectural spaces: pre-Columbian mural structures, enclosures, Andenes as staircases, and shrines, among others.
The temple: It does locate in the main square. It stands on the Inca ruins of the palace of Tupac Yupanqui. The temple’s dimensions testify to the importance of the city’s curacas since colonial times. Chinchero is also an excellent example of the richness of the churches in the villages of Cusco. Its construction did completed in 1607.
The church is made up of Inca stone structures used as the foundations of colonial construction and shaped the design. Its entrance door leads to the Plaza de Armas and is on one side wall. The interior walls and ceiling cover mural paintings with watermarks and religious motifs.
On the sidewall is a large picture representing the Virgin of Monserrate towards the center, with an exciting view of the town. The canvas was painted in 1693 by Francisco Chihuantito. The church only opens on Sundays for morning mass.
The murals: The murals of the temple of Chinchero also express the great importance that the region had. The cover stands out the Virgin of Monserrate, the procession of the cacique Pumacahua and the defeat of Tupac Amaru. Interestingly, in the sky, one observes the fight between two mythological beings: a cougar bites the neck of a dragon or Amaru. These are the heroic emblems of the rival caudillos.
Pumacahua wanted to emphasize the ancestral character of the struggle to quell the rebellious moods of the settlers. The allegories of the puma and the dragón are not simple decorations, but, as Paul Macera says, they could quickly identify, by the memory of the surnames, the main protagonists of the drama: the cougar to the cacique Of Chinchero, Mateo Pumacahua, and the significant drag no Amaru Verde to the cacique of Ink, Jos Gabriel Condorcanqui, Tupac Amaru II.
The Hacienda House of Mateo Pumacahua: In front of Huayocari is the hacienda Urquillos. I belonged to the curaca of Chinchero, Mateo Pumacahua, Peru’s most potent Indian leader during the eighteenth century, born in 1748 in the bosom of a noble Indian family. Although initially identified with the Spanish regime (by 1780, he was captain of the Noble Indians of the Region), in 1814, he actively favored the Indian cause in the uprising led by the Angulo brothers.
The unsuccessful revolution ended with the death of its leaders. Pumacahua was judged and beheaded in Sicuani in 1815, and his remains dismember.
The unsuccessful revolution ended with the death of its leaders. Pumacahua was judged and beheaded in Sicuani in 1815, and his remains were dismembered and exhibited in Arequipa, Cusco, and other regions. Pumacahua reunited one of the great fortunes of the Andean south, but his descendants lost everything when the cacique decided to rise against the crown.
Chinchero Fair: The colorful handicraft fair of Chinchero is realized in its fullness on Sundays in the Plaza de Armas, in front of the colonial church. In the early morning, vendors, mainly Chinchero and neighboring villages, arrive to sell their handicraft products.
The market, which has been taking place since time immemorial, takes place at the end of the village and is one of the few where the primitive system of buying and selling, called “barter,” is still practiced. It is the exchange of products of the area for other products, utensils, and articles drawn from neighboring regions.
The Chincherinos’ sellers mainly offer potato, chuño, white chicha, pork Chicharron, and chancaca. From Urubamba come sellers of coca leaves, coffee, and lemons. From Maras, you can find coca, bananas, and oranges. From Yucay, people arrive with Nisperos, corn, coca leaves, cabbage, and hot peppers. Traders coming from Ayarmaka bring onions, tarhui, potatoes, and geese. From Huayllabamba come rocoto and lemons.
Most buyers and sellers are women. In addition, the merchants are mainly the same producers, although what can notice is the presence of intermediaries from different regions, such as Cusco, Maras, Urubamba, and Yucay.
La Laguna Piuray does locate at kilometer 2. Piurayy lagoon has supplied water to the city of Cusco since the time of Tahuantinsuyo. The Incas brought their waters to the imperial city through underground aqueducts.
Stones carved: On the town’s outskirts can imply great sculpted rocks.
The town of Chinchero retains a traditionally religious spirit that reveals the syncretism of Spanish Catholicism and the Andean man’s cosmovision. Its main celebrations revolve around its patroness, the Virgin of the Natividad, and the Lord of Coyllur Riti. The parties involve the whole town and do characterize by their unique color.
The Cruz Velacuy (May 2 and 3) As in all the Andean peoples, the Inca huacas or shrines were replaced by crosses. The Cross in Chinchero begins on May 2 with the Velada de la Cruz, during songs, prayers, and music. Their stewards lower the crosses from their altars the next day for special ceremonies.
The Coyllur Riti (June 14, 15, and 16) The devotees of Chinchero join some 50,000 Peruvian and foreign pilgrims and move on foot to worship the lonely Se or del Coyllur Riti, on top of the snowy Of Sinacara and Ausangate, district of Ocongate, province of Quispicanchis. This pilgrimage is the hardest of all in Peru. The devotees ascend to 5,000 meters above sea level and withstand a minimum of -4 C.
Corpus Christi Following the pilgrimage to Coyllur Riti, the dancers, participate in the Corpus Christi of Chinchero. This busy religious festival begins on Thursday with the celebration of the mass of the feast. Subsequently, the procession of the Saints takes place, in which the Mamacha Natividad, San Isidro, San Miguel, San Antonio, and the Purified Virgin parade, among others.
Once the tour is over, the professional dancers compete in a colorful parade. Each comparsa exhibits his best choreography and colorful costumes before a qualifying jury. In the afternoon, the cacharpari begins when mayordomos entertain visitors by offering drinks and traditional chiri uchu.
Virgen Natividad (September 8) This is the most crucial party of Chinchero, the district’s Patroness and Mayoress. Every September 8, the festivities begin with a mass in honor of the Virgin of the Nativity. Towards midday, a traditional procession does perform, where dances and colorful comparsas accompany the image. There is a beauty contest in the afternoon, serenades, music, and fireworks at night.