The Archaeological Park of Saqsaywaman reached its most extraordinary splendor during Inca rule. Sacsayhuaman does imagine as the head of the “PUMA CUSCO CITY. A symbol of the power of the Panacas and royal ayllus of the HananQosqo, successors of Viracocha Ynga,” Pachacuti ” Or Ynga Yupanqui and Tupa Inga Yupanqui.
The system of ritual roads between the sacred spaces, recalling its hierarchy as the “Templo Mayor” of the Incas of the extended period, its importance and symbolism, in turn, host one of the most significant samples of hydraulic engineering of the ancient Peruvians, evidenced by the mastery of the uptake and distribution of waters that came from the high parts, driven by a complex system of primary and secondary channels destined to irrigate extensive plains and platforms in the valley of Cusco. Lands propitious for the cultivation of maize One of the essential products of the economy of the Inka State and the provision of water to the ceremonial sources or places of worship generically called Waka’s.
Because of its importance in the provision of water through the capture of mangroves and small streams that descended from the Apus Senca and Katunqui, it is the sacralized space recognized by which imaginary lines known as Seq’es, called Collana, Payan, and Cayao; From the Temple of the Sun (Korikancha).
In these dryings, the Wak’as did arrange. Or ritual spaces fulfilling various functions: delimitation of geographical territories, ethnic areas, water sources, roads, and others as a place or “house” intended to house the mummies or “huaques” of the ruling Incas, the Hanan Qosqo. These “houses” were private shrines linked to the memory of the Inca rulers and co-rulers such as Amaro Tupa Ynga. The first-born of Inka Pachacuti, who does credit with irrigation works. The construction of agricultural terraces, Qolqas, “the elimination of ancient deities and the installation of new Wakas ritual system of Cusco.
In the Archaeological Park of Saqsaywaman, essential segments of the main pre-Hispanic road to the Antisuyo or Qhapaq Ñan do witness, as well as secondary roads between them: to the northeast the one of Qorimarca, to the northwest the road to Huchuy Qosqo, and the road to Umasbamba and Yucay.
Another segment of Kallachaca-Pumamarca linked the former capital of the Inkas with the Tambomachay Micro-basin. I followed the northeast to Qorao, joining in a single road in the trunk to the Antisuyo, moving towards Paucartambo.
The path that runs from the Hawkaypata to the area known as Huayraqpumku and access to the probable Inquiltambo “mortuary house of the Ynga Wiraqocha” deserves importance. Another is called the road to the “fortress,” according to historical information. Whose segment does still preserved in the area of Quenqo and which united this place with the most well-known area of “Chuquipampa.”
The Archaeological Park of Saqsaywaman constitutes a significant natural space considered a natural reserve for flora and fauna, three living areas, and two ecological floors, being one of the samples of the biodiversity of the Sierra. Sacsayhuaman means to imply located in its territory, the last relics of native forests of chachacomos and wayruro Cusqueño. Stands out among the native flora are the Andean lily or michimichi, ñucchu, kantus, llaulli, parat’ika, lloque, waranhuay, as native fauna Guinea pigs, killichu or Andean kestrel, seagulls or quellwa, hummingbird or q’ente, chaiñas or hummingbirds.